The results reflected his deft political skills, Israel's shift to the right and wide satisfaction with Netanyahu's achievements, but also the fact that many voters are fed up with him.
This week's election was a hard-fought battle.
Israel's attorney general has announced his intention to charge him with bribery, fraud and breach of trust in three cases. The prospect of being indicted elevated the stakes for the prime minister.
Likud's fortunes have been boosted by the collapse of the traditional left parties in Israeli politics.
Gantz, a former military chief of staff, and Yair Lapid promised to keep their Blue and White party together despite their defeat. The alliance was officially declared only on February 21.
The New Right had one of the most disappointing performances of the election.
With all of the votes counted, checked and rechecked, Netanyahu's Likud party edged past its rival Blue and White party with 26.45 percent of the vote to win 36 seats in the 120-seat Knesset, gaining one more seat in the adjusted final tally.
Barring unforeseen circumstances, the task is most likely to fall to incumbent premier Benjamin Netanyahu following Tuesday's elections.
Israeli President Reuven Rivlin said on Twitter he would begin meeting next week with political parties that won parliamentary seats to hear who they support for prime minister.
Democrats prepare border bills, say Trump enflames problem
Customs and Border Protection Commissioner Kevin McAleenan is due to take Nielsen's place on a temporary basis, starting April 10. There was no immediate reaction from the Department of Homeland Security or Trump on the ruling, which can be appealed.
Speaking after declaring victory in Tuesday's election, he pledged to form a right-wing government.
He helped talk Trump into pulling the USA out of the Iran nuclear deal. But with Trump's moves on Jerusalem and the Golan, the prime minister may feel emboldened to advocate annexation.
"I'm going to apply sovereignty, but I don't distinguish between settlement blocs and the isolated settlement points, because from my perspective every such point of settlement is Israeli", Netanyahu said during a television interview. Trump had already moved the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem, an outcome long sought by Israel's right.
"So even if someone other than Netanyahu won the elections, there would be no difference in dealing with the regional issues as both candidates have the same stance toward the Golan Heights", Abdullah added.
Benjamin Netanyahu's support in this years election came mostly form Israel's youth.
In a series of appearances before Congress, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo refused to say whether the plan would reaffirm Washington's decades-old backing of a Palestinian state, saying only that past plans have failed.
In a rare turn during the race towards the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Netanyahu further alarmed Palestinians by pledging to annex Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank if re-elected. Experiences such as these at a young age have caused them to believe that peace can only be achieved by force; something only the right-wing parties can achieve.
The last round of US -brokered peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians collapsed in 2014.