Russia, leader of the countries supporting Nicolás Maduro as president, said that the United States is preparing an imminent military intervention in Venezuela, something the USA denies, even though Donald Trump has indicated that "all the options are on the table".
Russian Federation and the USA have opposed each other when it comes to the crisis in Venezuela.
Arreaza also renewed an invitation to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, to visit Venezuela to evaluate the impact of what he described as a US-led "blockade".
Given that not a single truck, boat or plane entered the country, and that Venezuela's armed forces remained steadfast in their defence of the national sovereignty, it can be said that Trump's and Guaido's primary objectives were a failure.
Guaido had hoped that Saturday's aid mobilization with the support of the United States and Colombia would deliver the "knockout blow" to Maduro, said Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue think tank.
The two countries exchanged opposing views at a UN Security Council meeting. A resolution needs nine votes in favour and no vetoes by Russia, China, France, Britain and the United States to pass.
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By contrast, U.S. officials have repeatedly said that all options are on the table regarding the crisis in Venezuela.
Arreaza called on the Security Council to support a resolution that rejects "the threat of the use of force against the Venezuelan people, and to rule that out once and for all".
"The United States is preparing a military invasion of an independent state", Nikolai Patrushev, secretary of the Russian Security Council, was quoted as saying in an interview with the weekly Argumenty i Fakty, according to Reuters.
He said that the world should back Guaido and "address the destabilizing results of Maduro's corrupt, fraudulent and incompetent reign, which just this weekend brought instability and violence" to the borders of Brazil and Colombia.
Venezuela has been struck by a humanitarian crisis that has left millions in poverty amid chronic shortages of basic necessities such as food and medication.
Four people died on the Brazilian border and more than 200 others were injured in disturbances on the boundary with Colombia.