Members of the Afghan security forces, "if they truly believe themselves to be Muslims or have any covenant towards Islam, should turn their weapons on Dutch troops" or help Taliban fighters attack them, the statement said.
On Thursday, a 26-year-old man reportedly from Pakistan appeared in a Dutch court on suspicion of committing a terrorist act and plot to murder.
One man was arrested for allegedly threatening Wilders after he posted a video to Facebook announcing his intent to attack the politician.
He reacted to the remarks of FM Qureshi as shared by the government of Pakistan official Twitter account in which he said, "Cancellation of blasphemous contest is a great moral victory of Muslim Ummah".
Wilders had planned the content for November and it was to be held at the tightly guarded offices of his Party for Freedom in the Dutch parliament building.
TLP chief Khadim Rizvi called off its protest march to Islamabad after Wilders' announcement.
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The premier said that people living in the West don't understand the feelings and religious sentiments of Muslims, "because we have never tried to explain to them how we value our religion".
They called for the expulsion of Dutch ambassador Ardi Stoios-Braken and demanded that new Prime Minister Imran Khan's government withdraw Pakistan's ambassador and cut diplomatic ties with the Netherlands.
Pakistan's information minister Fawad Chaudhry welcomed Wilder's decision to cancel the contest and framed it as a diplomatic achievement for Pakistan.
Prime minister Mark Rutte last week questioned Wilders' motives.
The cartoon contest also sparked protests in Muslim-majority Pakistan, where blasphemy is an extremely charged issue, often leading to mob violence incidents, including the killing of those accused of blasphemy.
"The aim is to provoke, rather than stimulate a debate about Islam", Rutte said - but he added Wilders was free to air his opinions.
Several thousand activists gathered in Lahore for the demonstration as they launched their march on Islamabad. He says he's had "hundreds" of entries.