The sanctions are mandated under the Chemical and Biological Weapons and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991.
"Such decisions taken by the American side are absolutely unfriendly and can hardly be somehow associated with the constructive - not simple, but constructive - atmosphere that there was at the last meeting of the two presidents", Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov said.
The State Department announced the sanctions on Wednesday but did not say what or who would be targeted, with more details to follow later this month.
Sergei Skripal, a former colonel in Russia's GRU military intelligence service, and his 33-year-old daughter, Yulia, were found slumped unconscious on a bench in Salisbury in March after a liquid form of the Novichok type of nerve agent was applied to his home's front door.
Slutsky suggested Russian Federation could restrict exports of RD-180 rocket engines to the USA if Washington imposed new sanctions, the RIA news agency reported.
The attack prompted an initial wave of diplomatic expulsions between U.S. -Britain allies and Russia - including the tit-for-tat exit of 60 Russian and U.S. diplomats in March.
Our provision of foreign assistance is a tool of USA power and influence, and we're not going to foreswear that just because we have the obligation to impose some sanctions against Russian Federation.
The Russian economy is still reeling from global sanctions imposed on Moscow in 2014 over its actions in Ukraine and a crash in oil prices the same year.
Senior lawmaker Konstantin Kosachev, the chairman of the foreign affairs committee in the upper house of the Russian parliament, accused the USA of behaving like a 'police state, threatening and torturing a suspect to get evidence'.
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Moscow considers Washington's new anti-Russia sanctions over the ex-spy poisoning as a declaration of economic war, Prime Minister, Dmitry Medvedev, said on Friday.
The new sanctions come in two tranches.
Faced with a new round of USA -sanctions over alleged chemical weapons use, Russia denounced the move as an "illegal" gesture that defied attempts by President Donald Trump and Russian leader Vladimir Putin aimed at improving relations during a recent summit.
The Kremlin on Thursday vowed to retaliate against "unacceptable" new U.S. sanctions against Russia over its alleged role in a nerve agent attack on a former spy in Britain, which prompted the ruble and Russian stocks to tumble.
"The U.S.is once again behaving like a police state, beating out evidence from suspects by threats and torture", he told Interfax.
The Trump administration's decision to impose further sanctions against Russia following the poisoning of former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter in the United Kingdom earlier this year is "categorically unacceptable" and "illegal", according to President Vladimir Putin's spokesman Dmitry Peskov.
The US sanctions came despite President Donald Trump's efforts to improve relations with Russia and its leader, Vladimir Putin, and his harsh criticism of the investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 election.
The legislation Mr Medvedev was referring to is far from certain to be passed by US Congress, which is not due to reconvene until September.