The Sri Lankan players refused to take the field on the third day of the match in St Lucia on Saturday, delaying the resumption of play for nearly two hours, after the umpires Aleem Dar and Ian Gould had changed the ball and awarded West Indies five penalty runs.
It was on Saturday that Chandimal refused to take the field along with his teammates after the on-field umpires Ian Gould and Aleem Dar charged them to alter the conditions of the ball.
Match officials changed the ball and awarded West Indies five penalty runs over their concern about the suspected altered condition of the ball, prompting the visitors' refusal to take the field at the start of play at the Daren Sammy Stadium.
Sri Lanka refused to take to the field after umpires instructed that the ball be changed - with a new one to be selected by the Windies - before the start of play.
Broadcaster visuals of the Sri Lanka dressing room showed coach Chandika Hathurusingha, captain Dinesh Chandimal and team manager Asanka Gurusinha in discussion with match referee Javagal Srinath, the reports said.
This resulted in Sri Lankan captain Dinesh Chandimal declining to lead his team onto the field with the West Indies set to continue their innings at 118 for two in reply to Sri Lanka's first innings total of 253.
The officials had also, in keeping with the rules, awarded West Indies five extra runs.
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At the conclusion of the day's play, Sri Lanka Cricket released a statement.
"SLC advised the team to take the field to ensure the continuity of the match and wish to commend the decision taken by the team ´under protest´ to ensure the upholding of the spirit of the game", added the statement.
The umpires took the call to change the ball on Saturday morning and that angered the Sri Lankan team.
It was in March that Australia were caught tampering with the ball illegally on the third day of the third Test against South Africa in Cape Town. Pakistan eventually forfeited that game.
Steve Smith and David Warner were stripped of the captaincy and vice-captaincy respectively and banned from playing worldwide cricket for 12 months.
West Indies won the first test of the three-match series by 226 runs.
In its second innings, Sri Lanka lost Kusal Perera to a thick edge behind off Shannon Gabriel two overs before stumps.