With the two sides having drawn 2-2 in their group fixture, meaning their head-to-head record was also level, it then went to the next deciding parameter - fair play.
If England and Belgium were to finish with the same number of fair play points, Federation Internationale de Football Association would draw lots to decide first place in the group.
"We haven't qualified because of fair play". Yep, Senegal have been eliminated because they picked up more yellow cards that the Japanese. "We have fewer points in fair play and Senegal doesn't qualify because we don't deserve it", Cisse said after the game.
"We're going to do our utmost to get to the last 16 and I think we have everything we need to do that".
France look to continue winning run against Denmark
The 33-year-old made his only save in the 54th minute, spilling Christian Eriksen's free-kick before pouncing on the loose ball. His team lost rhythm with a different trio of attacking midfielders to support Antoine Griezmann and Olivier Giroud .
"I do not know if this rule is cruel or not, but I can't ask my players to jump on the court to not receive yellows", said the Senegalese coach, visibly disappointed.
Senegal's elimination confirmed Africa's worst performance since the 1982 World Cup in Spain, when the continent last failed to get a team past the first round.
Heading into the final day of the group stage, three teams - Japan, Colombia, and Senegal - are all still in control of their destinies as they battle for two spots up for grabs in the knockout round.
"Looking at other teams here, I don't think we should be ashamed of our football", Cisse added.
Information from Rueters and The Associated Press was used in this report.